The Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA)
The Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA) is a federal statute that provides the U. S. EPA with the authority to carry out a number of essential functions, including gathering information about, assessing, and regulating, chemicals.
On June 22, 2016, President Obama signed the Frank R. Lautenberg Chemical Safety for the 21st Century Act. This law updates TSCA for the first time since the law was first adopted in 1976. It is expected to lead to a variety of changes in chemical regulation across the United States.
In December 2016, EPA issued a list of the first ten chemicals that will undergo risk evaluation under the Lautenberg Act.
In January 2017, EPA issued draft rules for specific uses of three chemicals:
- Trichloroethylene (TCE) in vapor degreasing
- Trichloroethylene in aerosol degreasing and spot cleaning at dry cleaning facilities
- Methylene chloride and n-methylpyrrolidone (NMP) in paint and coating removal
For a copy of the Lautenberg Act, a summary of key provisions, and information on other implementation activities, see the U.S. EPA website.
Those interested in the history of the bill may wish to review a table posted by the Environmental Commissioners' Organization of States (ECOS) comparing earlier House and Senate versions of the bill to the final legislation. This table focuses on the elements of the legislation that were of particular interest to state agencies.