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Trichloroethylene (TCE)

Trichloroethylene (TCE) is a common solvent, widely used in vapor degreasing, as a chemical intermediate, as part of cleaning solvent mixtures and as a solvent in adhesives. 

Evidence from animal and epidemiologic studies suggests that several reproductive and developmental toxicity end points may be associated with TCE exposure, including infertility in males and females, impaired fetal growth, and cardiac teratogenesis. The US Agency for Toxic Substance and Disease Registry Public Health Statement for TCE, however, does not conclude that there is a direct relationship between exposure to TCE and an increased risk of reproductive effects.

Trichloroethylene is designated as a Higher Hazard Substance under TURA, which lowers the reporting threshold to 1,000lb/year, effective January 2008.

Information about Trichloroethylene

TURA Resources                 Other resources 

Information prepared by the TURA Program

Content Category Publication Type Title Year Description
Overview Fact Sheet Trichloroethylene Fact Sheet 2008 TURI Chemical Fact Sheets describe the hazards, exposure routes, uses and alternatives, and regulatory context for selected chemicals.
Policy Policy Analysis Trichloroethylene Policy Analysis 2007 TURA Policy Analyses are developed as background for state-level decision-making about individual chemicals and chemical classes.
Alternatives Web Page Ten Tips for Replacing Trichloroethylene (TCE)   Safer alternatives exist for nearly every use of trichloroethylene (TCE). The TURI Laboratory has helped more than two dozen companies identify and adopt safer alternatives. These 10 tips provide information for finding a replacement.
Alternatives Presentation EPA TCE Workshop: Transitioning from TCE 2014 Steps for changing from TCE to another solvent.
Alternatives Presentation EPA TCE Workshop: Alternatives Assessment 2014 Methodology for identifying safer alternatives to TCE.
Alternatives Presentation EPA TCE Workshop: Evaluating Cold Cleaning Alternatives to TCE 2014 Description based on a semi conductor-electromagnetic and optical functions manufacturer.
Alternatives Presentation TCE Alternatives 2004 Presentation for a metal finishing forum.
Alternatives Presentation Tools for TCE Substitution 2008 Methodologies for TCE substitution and case study examples.
Process Change Case Study Lightolier - Elimination of Trichloroethylene and Reduction of VOC Emissions 1997 Prepared by OTA, this case study demonstrates how Lightolier eliminated the use of approximately 1.25 million pounds of trichloroethylene.
Metal Finishing Brochure How-To Guide for TCE Reduction 2007 How-to guide for metal finishers.
Instructional Information Web Page Trichloroethylene Reduction In Rhode Island 2008 Description of technical assistance and training conducted to support a significant decrease in the use of TCE among over a dozen companies.

 

Information from other resources

Source Title Year Description
Federal      
Environmental Health Perspectives Human Health Effects of Trichloroethylene: Key Findings and Scientific Issues 2013 This assessment synthesizes and characterizes thousands of epidemiologic, experimental animal, and mechanistic studies, and addresses several key scientific issues through modeling of TCE toxicokinetics, meta-analyses of epidemiologic studies, and analyses of mechanistic data.
U.S. EPA Fact Sheet: Trichloroethylene 2016 This overview includes sources, exposures, and health hazards.
State      
Minnesota Department of Health Trichloroethylene (TCE) and Your Health   An overview of TCE, including health concerns, sources, and other resources.
Minnesota Department of Public Health Toxicological Summary for: Trichloroethylene (TCE) 2015 Health risks, especially cancer risks, for TCE.
Bureau of Toxic Substance Assessment New York State Department of Health Trichloroethylene (TCE) In Indoor And Outdoor Air 2015 This fact sheet answers questions about health effects seen in humans exposed to TCE in air.