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Endnotes

Information Sources for DEHP Fact Sheet

1 (Health and Environmental Impacts):

Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry "Toxicological Profile for Di (2-ethylhexyl) phthalate (Update)" 2002; Bornehag et al. "The Association between Asthma and Allergic Symptoms in Children and Phthalates in House Dust: A Nested Case-Control Study" Environmental Health Perspectives 2004; Bornehag et al "Phthalates in Indoor Dust and Their Association with Building Characteristics" Environmental Health Perspectives 2003; Gray and Butterworth "Testicular atrophy produced by phthalate esters" Archives of Toxicology 1980; Lamb et al "Reproductive effects of four phthalic acid esters in the mouse" Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology 1987; National Toxicology Program Center for the Evaluation of Risks to Human Reproduction: Expert Panel Update on the Reproductive and Developmental Toxicity of Di (2-Ethylhexyl) Phthalate 2005; USEPA "Technical Factsheet on: Di (2-ethylhexyl) phthalate (DEHP)" 2005

2 (Use Nationally and in Massachusetts): Bizzari et al. "Plasticizers" Chemical Economics Handbook 2002; Toxics Use Reduction Institute "Toxics Use Reduction Act Data Release for Reporting Year 2004" 2005, see: http://turadata.turi.org

3 (Alternatives) Danish Environmental Protection Agency "Environmental and Health Assessment of Alternatives to Phthalates and to flexible PVC" 2003; Toxics Use Reduction Institute "Five Chemicals Alternatives Assessment Study" 2006 - see: http://www.turi.org/industry/research/five_chemicals_study

4 (Wall covering alternatives) EU Marketing and Use Directive 76/769/EEC; Fischer "Floorward thinking" Environmental Health Perspectives 1999; Hileman "Panel Ranks Risks of Common Phthalate: Additional research underscores concerns about DEHP that were first expressed in 2000 report" Chemical & Engineering News 2005; Marshall "Letter to TURI from OMNOVA Solutions Inc" 2007; Toxics Use Reduction Institute "Five Chemicals Alternatives Assessment Study" 2006 -- see: http://www.turi.org/industry/research/five_chemicals_study

5. (Medical device alternatives) Rossi "Neonatal Exposure to DEHP and Opportunities for Prevention" 2002; Schaefer "Personal communication with Marketing Manager Specialty Plasticizers BASF Corporation" 2006; Tickner "The Use of Di-2-Ethylhexyl Phthalate in PVC Medical Devices: Exposure, Toxicity and Alternatives" 2000; Toxics Use Reduction Institute "Five Chemicals Alternatives Assessment Study" 2006 - see: http://www.turi.org/industry/research/five_chemicals_study

6 (Regulatory context) Bureau of National Affairs "Environmental Reporter" 2001; California Safe Drinking Water and Toxic Enforcement Act of 1986 (Chapter 6.6 added by Proposition 65 1986 General Election) Section 25249.5; EPA 2001 40 CFR 141.32(e)(62), 40 CFR 266 Appendix VII, 40 CFR 261.33 and 40 CFR 302.4; Hazardous Substance Data Bank 2000, see: http://www.toxnet.nlm.nih.gov; OSHA 2001b (29 CFR 1910.1000)