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Endnotes

1. Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry (ATSDR) 2005, Draft Toxicological Profile for LeadU.S. Department of Public Health, Public Health Service, Atlanta, GA; International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) 2004, “Evaluation of Carcinogenic Risks to Humans, Inorganic and Organic Lead Compounds”, vol. 87; Lohse, J., Sander, K. & Wirts, M. 2001, Heavy Metals in Vehicles II, Directorate General Environment, Nuclear Safety and Civil Protection of the Commission of Europe Communities; Massachusetts Division of Occupational Safety 2004, Hazard Alert: Lead Exposure at Indoor Police Firing Ranges in Massachusetts; National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH), Carcinogen List. Available: http://www.cdc.gov/niosh/npotocca.html; National Research Council (NRC) 2004, Forensic Analysis: Weighing Bullet Lead Evidence, National Academies Press; New Jersey Department of Health and Senior Services 2001, Hazardous Substance Fact Sheet: Lead; Noll, M. & Clark, F. 1997, “Airborne Lead and Noise Exposures During Police Firearms Qualification”, Applied Occupational and Environmental Hygiene, vol. 12, no. 10; Root, R.A. 2000, “Lead Loading of Urban Streets by Motor Vehicle Wheel Weights”, Environmental Health Perspectives, vol. 108, no. 10, pp. 937-940; Scheuhammer, A.M. & Norris, S.L. 1995, A Review of Environmental Impacts of Lead Shotshell Ammunition and Lead Fishing Weights in Canada, Canadian Wildlife Service; Strigul, Nicolay et al. 2005, “Effects of Tungsten on Environmental Systems”, Chemosphere, vol. 61, no. 2, pp. 248-258; Sidor, Inga F., Pokras, Mark A., Major, Andrew R., Poppenga, Kate M., Miconi, Taylor, Miconi, Rose M., Mortality of Common Loons in New England, 1987 to 2000, Journal of Wildlife Diseases: Vol 39, No 2. pp. 306 – 315, 2003; U.S. Environmental Protection Agency 1999, Integrated Risk Information System (IRIS) on Lead and Compounds (Inorganic), National Center for Environmental Assessment, Office of Research and Development, Washington, DC; United States Environmental Protection Agency (USEPA) 2005, Preliminary Exposure Assessment Support Document For the TSCA Section 21 Petition on Lead Wheel-Balancing Weights.United States Environmental Protection Agency (USEPA) 1994, Lead Fishing Sinkers: Response to Citizens’ Petition and Proposed Ban; Proposed Rule; United States Environmental Protection Agency (USEPA) a, March 9, 2006-last update, Technology Transfer Network Air Toxics Website: Lead Compounds. Available: http://www.epa.gov/ttn/atw/hlthef/lead.html [2006, May, 2006].

2. European Commission Enterprise Directorate-General 2004, Final Report: Advantages and Drawbacks of Restricting the Marketing and Use of Lead in Ammunition, Fishing Sinkers and Candle Wicks; Gabby, P.N.. 2007, “Lead -- 2005” in United States Geological Survey Minerals Yearbook, available at http://minerals.usgs.gov/minerals/pubs/commodity/lead/leadmyb05.pdf; Graboski, D. 1998, Wire and Cable Industry, Furman Selz LLC, 230 Park Avenue, NewYork 10169; Grossman, D. 2006, Handbook of PVC Formulating, John Wiley & Sons; Linak, E. & Yagi, K. 2003, “Polyvinyl Chloride (PVC) Resins” in Chemical Economics Handbook SRI International; Minnesota Office of Environmental Assistance (MOEA), Minnesota Office of Environmental Assistance (MOEA) web site. Available: http://www.moea.state.mn.us [April, 2006]; Shedd, K.B. 2006, Mineral Industry Surveys: Tungsten in December 2005, United States Geological Survey; United States Fish & Wildlife Service (USFWS) & New Hampshire Fish and Game Department, Let’s Get the Lead Out. Available: http://wildlife.state.nh.us [2006, March 2006]; Wickson, E.J. 1993, Handbook of PVC Formulating, John Wiley & Sons.

3. European Council of Vinyl Manufacturers (ECVM), European Council for Plasticizers and Intermediates, European Stabilizers Producers Association & European Plastics Converters 2001, Vinyl 2010.; The Voluntary Commitment of the PVC Industry; Massachusetts Office of Technical Assistance Fact Sheet: Strategies for Streamlining Testing and Certification -- Environmentally Friendly Wire and Cable; Mizuno, K., Hirukawa, H. & et al. 1999, Development of Non-Lead Stabilized PVC Compounds for Insulated Wires and Cables; Schmidt, D.F. 2005, Improved Lead-Free Wire and Cable Insulation, University of Massachusetts Lowell, Plastics Engineering Department; Toxics Use Reduction Institute, 2006, FiveChemicals Alternatives Assessment Study, available: http://www.turi.org/library/turi_publications/five_chemicals_study; Somay Products Inc., Traffic Safety Marking Paints: http://www.somay.com/manufact/traffic/index.html; United States Environmental Protection Agency (USEPA) 2006, March 3, 2006-last update, Design for the Environment (DfE): About the Wire & Cable Partnership. Available: www.epa.gov/dfe/pubs/projects/wire-cable/about.htm [2006] ; United States Environmental Protection Agency (USEPA) b, Waste Minimization: Lead Tire Weights. Available: http://www.epa.gov/epaoswer/hazwaste/minimize/leadtire.htm [2006, May, 2006].

4. National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) 2004, Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards; U.S. EPA, National Ambient Air Quality Standards, http://www.epa.gov/air/criteria.html.