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United Nations Environment Programme Economics of Conversion to Mercury-Free Products. 2011.

The United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) Chemicals Branch commissioned the Toxics Use Reduction Institute and the Lowell Center for Sustainable Production to investigate the cost of transitioning from the manufacturing of mercury-containing to mercury-free product alternatives. This report provides information from case studies of two firms - Rayovac and American Diagnostic Corporation - involved with transitioning from mercury-containing to mercury-free products in the medical technology industry. The manufacturers have demonstrated that they can provide mercury-free products with equivalent performance to the mercury-containing products for hearing aid batteries, thermometer batteries, and most sphygmomanometer applications. Cost associated with this transition to mercury-free products, as well as return on investment, were calculated for this report. 

Authors: G. Morose, J. Lindberg