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Import Case: Formaldehyde in Construction. 2006.

Formaldehyde was discovered in 1867. It is a widely used basic building block chemical that is now in a plethora of products and processes including adhesives, hard surface building materials, insulation, floor finish, and composites. In 2003, 4 million metric tons (MMT) of 37% Formaldehyde was used in the US and 24 MMT was used worldwide. Formaldehyde-free products have slowly become more available. Initially imported from specialty manufacturers to meet niche consumer demand by chemical sensitive individuals and green-motivated builders, such products are increasingly developed by domestic and larger companies as demand increases. The U.S. Green Building Council (USGBC), founded in 1993, publicly launched the Leadership in Energy and Environment (LEED) certification in 2000. In 1997 the American Institute of Architects (AIA) Energy committee expanded to become the Committee on the Environment. Many other green building groups have emerged. LEED in particular has advanced green building, creating "bragging rights" for green firms and owners. Green-building cost premium estimates have reduced from +20% to +2-5% in up front cost (that pays for itself) . This change is attributed to greater availability of green technology and building materials.

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