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Textiles

Sustainable Routes to Non-Halogenated Flame Retardants Based on Phenolic Monomers. 2009.

  TURI Technical Report No. 62. In 2007‐2008 UMass Lowell researchers investigated the possibility of substituting toxic halogenated flame retardant (FR) materials with a new class of polyphenol based FR materials under a TURI funded project. The proof‐of‐concept studies were completed during the first year of this project. Subsequently in 2008‐2009, the goal was to modify the synthetic strategies investigated in the first study and create a new class of non‐halogenated flame retardant copolymers based on synthetic monomers as well as naturally occurring starting materials. Download PDF file (727.51 kB)

Natural "Green" Dyes for the Textile Industry. 2003.

  TURI Technical Report No. 57. The textile industry produces and uses approximately 1.3 million tonnes of dyes, pigments and dye precursors, valued at around $23 billion, almost all of which is manufactured synthetically. However, synthetic dyes have some limitations, primarily, (i) their production process requires hazardous chemicals, creating worker safety concerns, (ii) they may generate hazardous wastes, and (iii) these dyes are not environmentally friendly. This research explores methods where natural dyes are produced from plant tissue and fungal species. Download PDF file (378.90 kB)