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Resources: Playing Fields and Playgrounds

TURI has developed fact sheets, case studies, reports, and videos about the health and safety of playing surfaces, including athletic fields and playgrounds.

Artificial Turf Resources

Artificial turf concerns: one page flyer- Summary flyer
Athletic Playing Fields: Choosing Safer Options for Health and Environment- Report
PFAS in Artificial Turf Carpet- Fact Sheet
Athletic Playing Fields and Artificial Turf: Considerations for Municipalities and Institutions- Fact Sheet
Artificial Turf Infill: A Comparative Assessment of Chemical Contents- Peer reviewed journal article
Testing Artificial Turf Materials: Options and Lessons Learned- Report

Artificial Turf Alternatives Assessment Documents

Alternatives Assessment Introduction
Cost Analysis
Physical and Biological Hazards
Infills: Overview
Infills: Recycled Tires
Infills: EPDM
Infills: TPE

Organically Managed Grass Athletic Fields

Organic Maintenance on Playing Fields - Fact Sheet 2021
Natural Grass Playing Fields Case Study: Denison University, Granville, OH - Case study 2021
Natural Grass Playing Field Case Study: Southwest Pennsylvania - Case study 2021
Natural Grass Playing Field Case Study: Martha's Vineyard, MA - Case study 2020
Natural Grass Playing Field Case Study: Marblehead, MA - Case study 2019
Natural Grass Playing Field Case Study: Springfield, MA - Case study 2019
TURI's Organic Grass Care Web page

Playground Surfacing

Playground Surfacing: Choosing Safer Materials for Children's Health and the Environment


Three Massachusetts Communities Maintain Athletic Fields Organically
Natural Grass Organic Athletic Fields in Springfield, MA
Organic Management of Natural Grass Featuring Chip Osborne
Safer Alternatives for Playing Fields


Co-host with Collaborative on Health and the Environment (CHE), Environmental Health Impacts of Synthetic Turf and Safer Alternatives 2022
Co-host with Healthy Building Network (HBN), Selecting an Athletic Turf You Can Feel Good About 2020
Artificial Turf Alternatives: Webinar 2018


TURI's comments on Washington Department of Health report

External Resources

Find reports, videos, and news and journal articles from other sources
The Field Fund
Mt. Sinai Children's Environmental Health Center - Artificial Turf Health Risks

Guest Blogs

Everything You Need to Know About Artificial Turf, Because Health & Center for Environmental Health, 15 July, 2022
Organically Managed Grass Athletic Fields (part two of two part series), Green Building Alliance, March 18, 2022
Artificial Turf Fields: Health and Environmental Concerns (part one of two part series), Green Building Alliance, January 6, 2022
Solutions for Safer Turf, Healthy Building Network, October 20, 2021
Chemical and Heat Hazards of Artificial Turf Athletic Fields, Green Kids Doc (Region 5 Pediatric Environmental Health Specialty Unit), January 6, 2021
Guest Blog: Choosing Safer Athletic Playing Surfaces, Healthy Schools Pennsylvania, 10 September 2020
Earth Day: Environmental Impacts of Artificial vs. Natural Turfgrass, SodSolutions, April 22, 2019