n-Propyl Bromide (nPB)
N-Propyl bromide (nPB) or 1-bromopropane, is a solvent that is used in vapor degreasing, metal cleaning, and dry cleaning; as a solvent carrier in adhesives; and as a chemical intermediate. The US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) classifies nPB as a volatile organic compound (VOC).
Use of nPB is increasing as an alternative for other solvents that have become more strictly regulated, such as methylene chloride, perchloroethylene (perc), and trichloroethylene (TCE). This trend is of concern because evidence has emerged linking nPB to a range of human health hazards. In 2009, nPB was added to the list of Toxic or Hazardous Substances subject to regulations under the Massachusetts Toxics Use Reduction Act (TURA).
N-Propyl bromide is designated as a Higher Hazard Substance under TURA, which lowers the reporting threshold to 1,000 lb/year, effective January 2016.
Information about N-Propyl bromide prepared by the TURA Program
|Content Category||Publication Type||Title||Year||Description|
|Overview||Fact Sheet||n-Propyl Bromide Fact Sheet||2014||TURI Chemical Fact Sheets describe the hazards, exposure routes, uses and alternatives, and regulatory context for selected chemicals.|
|Policy||Policy Analysis||n-Propyl Bromide Policy Analysis||2014||TURA Policy Analyses are developed as background for state-level decision-making about individual chemicals, chemical classes, and industry sectors.|
|NIOSH||Field Study||2015||Workers' exposures to n-propyl bromide at a printed electronics circuit assembly manufacturer.|
|NIOSH||Hazard Alert||2013||General information on nPB exposures, health effects, and help resources.|
|NIOSH||Field Study||2007||Workers' exposures to n-propyl bromide at an aerospace components manufacturer.|
|NIOSH||Field Study||2007||Workers' exposures to n-propyl bromide at an optical prism and optical assemblies manufacturer.|
|California Hazard Evaluation System and Information service||n-Propyl Bromide Health Hazard Alert||2003||General information on nPB exposures, health effects, and help resources.|
|Massachusetts Bureau of Labor Standards||How to Reduce your Exposure to n-Propyl Bromide||2012||Ways to reduce exposure to nPB.|
|Washington State Department of Labor and Industries||
|2013||Exposure and safety information for workers and employers.|
|Washington State Department of Labor and Industries||Safety and Health Alert – 1-Bromopropane||2009||Facts on nPB and tips for working safely.|