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TURI Methods and Policy Reports archive

Toxic Chemical Management in Massachusetts The Second Report on Further Chemical Restriction Policies.1995.

  In this report, the Massachusetts experience with the TURA program and how it relates to chemical restrictions is assessed from the perspective of the two principal actors involved in the implementing Act: government and industry. Download PDF file (6.19 MB)

Unintended Consequences: Impact of Pesticides Bans on Industry, Workers, the Public and the Environment. 1995.

  TURI Methods and Policy Report No. 13 The case study method is used to examine the effects of banning two pesticides, Alar and DBCP, on industry, chemical workers, farmers, farmworkers and the public. The unintended consequences of these bans are used to develop the equivalent of an environmental impact assessment for the workplace. Download PDF file (17.63 MB)

Alternatives Assessment for Toxics Use Reduction: A Survey of Methods and Tools. 2005.

  TURI Methods & Policy Report No. 23. One of the key challenges in toxics use reduction planning is alternatives assessment. This is the process whereby a chemical, material or product that has been identified as toxic is compared with alternatives to find a substitute that is safer for workers, communities and ecosystems. This report reviews nine alternatives assessment methods that have been developed by government and private organizations in the United States and Europe and is designed to assist Massachusetts companies in the process of alternatives assessment for chemical hazards. Download PDF file (662.65 kB)

A Detailed Analysis of,the TURA Data by Chemical Category 1990-1997. 2000.

  TURI Methods and Policy Report No. 20. This report summarizes the findings of an in-depth study of the 1990-1997 Massachusetts Toxics Use Reduction Act (TURA) data by chemical category. Detailed chemical category analysis provides information about progress with respect to specific areas of human health concern and presents an opportunity for more enhanced TUR efforts. Download PDF file (2.13 MB)

Categorization of the Toxics Use Reduction List of Toxic and Hazardous Substances. 1999.

  TURI Methods and Policy Report No. 18. This report is a categorization of the 258 chemicals that have been reported under TURA. The resulting lists of more hazardous, less hazardous and uncategorized chemicals will be used by the Toxics Use Reduction Program to aid in setting priorities and will serve as guidance for companies making chemical substitution decisions. Download PDF file (1.61 MB)

Programs for Promoting Sustainable Consumption in the United States. 1999.

  TURI Methods and Policy Report No. 19. The purpose of this report is to provide an overview of sustainable consumption efforts in the United States. In addition to identifying key issues, this report provides examples of measures that individuals, communities, governments, and businesses in the United States are currently undertaking to practice and/or promote sustainable consumption. Download PDF file (282.55 kB)

TURA Priority Industry Sector Identification-Economic and Environmental Ranking of Massachusetts Economic Sectors. 1998.

  TURI Methods and Policy Report No. 17. This report is intended as background for TURA to help identify those sectors of the Massachusetts economy which might be best served by the TURA program in the future. The analysis is based on an economic screening to identify sectors of the Massachusetts economy likely to be important contributors to the Commonwealth's development and an environmental screening to rank economic sectors by their potential for environmental improvement. Download PDF file (6.40 MB)

Survey Evaluation of the MassachusettsToxics Use Reduction Program. 1997.

  TURI Methods and Policy Report No. 14. The Massachusetts Toxics Use Reduction Act (TURA) was passed in 1989 with the objective of reducing toxic chemical waste in the Commonwealth. In 1996, TURl contracted with Abt Associates Inc. to conduct a survey to assess the effectiveness of the Massachusetts Toxics Use Reduction Program, the set of programs and resources established to help Massachusetts firms meet the goals of the act. The results of the survey are presented in this report. Download PDF file (3.02 MB)

In-Depth Investigation of Toxics Use Reduction in Massachusetts Industry. 1997

  TURI Methods and Policy Report No. 16. This report assesses the impact of the major components of the TURA program (reporting, planning, technical assistance, education and training, and regulatory outreach, compliance, and enforcement) on a firm's environmental management practices; environmental compliance performance; competitive position; materials accounting practices; and worker health and safety performance, among other factors. Download PDF file (3.68 MB)

Benefit-Cost Analysis of the Massachusetts Toxics Use Reduction Act. 1997.

  TURI Methods and Policy Report No. 15. This report analyzes the benefits and costs of TURA to the Commonwealth for the period 1990 through 1997. Download PDF file (2.35 MB)

The Role of Risk in Chemical Substitution Decisions. 1994.

  TURI Methods and Policy Report No. 8 Chemical substitution is a growing method of pollution prevention and toxics use reduction (TUR). This project focuses on the use of tools of risk analysis in chemical substitution decisions. Download PDF file (6.83 MB)

"The Cost of Changing": Total Cost Assessment of Solvent Alternatives. 1994.

  TURI Methods and Policy Report No. 6. Data from six case studies reveal the benefits of using a total cost assessment approach as well as trends in the use of new cleaning technologies. The six examples are drawn from companies of various sizes, product output, and use of solvents. Download PDF file (1.87 MB)