1 Environmental Defense Fund (EDF), 1999, "Chemical Profile for N,NDimethylformamide (CAS Number: 68-12-2)" (New York: EDF . see webpage: http:/www.scorecard.org/chemical profiles/html/dimethyl_formamide.html); Richard J. Lewis, Sr. (ed.), 1993, edition) (New York: Van Nostrand Reinhold); New Jersey Department of Health and Senior Services, 1996, "Hazardous Substance Fact Sheet: Dimethylformamide" (Trenton, New Jersey . see webpage: http://www.state.nj.us/health/eoh/rtkweb/rtkhsfs.htm); and U.S. EPA, Office of Air Quality Planning and Standards, 1998, "N,N-Dimethylformamide" (Washington, D.C.: U.S. EPA . see webpage: http://www.epa.gov/ttn/uatw/hlthef/diforma.html).

2 The national chemical use data in this section are from Stanford Research Institute (SRI) International, 1994, Hazardous Chemicals Desk Reference (thirdChemical Economics Handbook, Dimethylformamide . North America. (Palo Alto, California: SRI). The Massachusetts chemical use data are from the Massachusetts Department of Environmental Protection (MA DEP), 1998, "Massachusetts Toxics Use Reduction Act Chemical Reporting Data" (Boston: MA DEP).

3 SRI, 1997 (see endnote #2 for full citiation); Virginia Waste Reduction Assistance Program, 1991, .Waste Reduction Success Story: Solvent Recovery - Fiber Production (Virginia Department Of Environmental Quality) Volume 1, Number 2.

4 EDF, 1999, "Chemical Profile for N,N-Dimethylformamide"; and the New Jersey Department of Health and Senior Service, 1996, "Hazardous Substance Fact Sheet: Dimethylformamide" (see endnote #1 for full citations).