Hydrogen fluoride (HF, also known as hydrofluoric acid), is extremely corrosive. Acute exposures are especially hazardous and can result in severe burns, respiratory damage or death. Skin contact can lead to decalcification of underlying bone. Skin contact with HF may not cause immediate pain, so systemic poisoning can begin before the person is aware of the exposure. Skin contact can lead to decalcification of underlying bone. Skin contact with HF may not cause immediate pain, so systemic poisoning can begin before the person is aware of the exposure.
U. S. manufacturers use HF to produce fluorocarbons and other fluorine-based chemical products. Metal pickling and etching applications are the primary end-uses for HF in Massachusetts. HF use in Massachusetts has declined over time, but it continues to be used in some applications. HF can also be generated by dissolving ammonium salts, e.g., ammonium bifluoride, in water.
Hydrogen Fluoride is designated as a Higher Hazard Substance under TURA, which lowers the reporting threshold to 1,000 lb/year, effective January 2016.
Information about Hydrogen Fluoride
|Content Category||Publication Type||Title||Year||Description|
|Overview||Fact Sheet||Hydrofluoric Acid Fact Sheet||TURI Chemical Fact Sheets describe the hazards, exposure routes, uses and alternatives, and regulatory context for selected chemicals.|
|Policy||Policy Analysis||Hydrogen Fluoride Policy Analysis||2014||TURA Policy Analyses are developed as background for state-wide decision-making about individual chemicals and chemical classes.|
|Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry||Toxicological Profile for Hydrogen Fluoride||2003||The ATSDR toxicological profile succinctly characterizes the toxicologic and adverse health effects information for the hazardous substance described.|
|Minnesota Poison Control System||Hydrofluoric Acid||Information on HF burns and treatments.|
|New Jersey Department of Health||Hazardous Substance Fact Sheet||Revised 2009||Overview of HF exposures and health hazards.|
|Washington State Department of Labor and Industry||Acid Burns in Car and Truck Wash||2013||Safety information for car wash and truck wash.|
|University of Washington||HF EH&S Tips||Revised 2009||Safety precautions for the use of HF in laboratories.|