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Hexavalent Chromium

Hexavalent Chromium Compounds

Hexavalent chromium compounds are a toxic form of chromium and are used in a variety of industrial processes and products. Hexavalent chromium compounds are confirmed human carcinogens, mutagens and developmental toxicants and have high acute toxicity. 

Hexavalent chromium compounds are designated as Higher Hazard Substances under TURA, which lowers the reporting threshold to 1,000 lbs./year, effective January 2012.

Information about Hexavalent Chromium Compounds Prepared by the TURA Program

Content Category Publication Type Title Year Description
Overview Fact Sheet Hexavalent Chromium Fact Sheet 2014 TURI Chemical Fact Sheets describe the hazards, exposure routes, uses and alternatives, and regulatory context for selected chemicals.
Policy  Policy Analysis Hexavalent Chromium Policy Analysis 2011 TURA Policy Analyses are developed as background for state-level decision-making about individual chemicals and chemical classes.
Alternatives Assessment Methods and Policy Report 5 Chemicals Alternatives Assessment Study 2006 Methods and Policy Reports provide information on methodologies and policy approaches for toxics use reduction. They include TURA program evaluations; analyses of the TURA data; chemical alternatives assessments; decision-making guidance; and studies of the public health implications of toxics use reduction.
Aerospace/Defense Report Hex-Chrome Free Sealant Project Phase II with Beachfront Test Vehicle Addendum 2015 A single test vehicle design was used to compare the corrosion inhibition of six sealants.
Aerospace/Defense Report Hex-Chrome Free Sealant Project Phase I 2014 A single test vehicle was used to compare the corrosion inhibition of four sealants.
Aerospace/Defense Presentation Research Results for Safer Sealant Removal Alternatives 2014 This assessment identifies and evaluates potentially safer alternatives for sealant removal applications. The sealant removal performance of the alternatives was evaluated using a designed experiment.
Aerospace/Defense Article Hex-Chrome Sealants for Defense and Aerospace 2014 Description of the technical performance challenge for transitioning to hexavalent chromium free polysulfide sealants.
Aerospace/Defense Article Assessment of Safer Sealant Removers 2014 This assessment identifies and evaluates potentially safer alternatives for sealant removal applications.
Aerospace/Defense Article Evaluation for Alternatives to Hexavalent Chromium Sealants 2013 Evaluation of existing alternatives to metal finishing applications in the aerospace/defense industry that use hexavalent chromium sealants.
Aerospace/Defense Presentation Aerospace/Defense Industry Collaborative Research – Finding Safer Solutions to Hexavalent Chromium for Sealant Applications 2013 A review of the approach to this collaborative research approach and phase 1 results.
Aerospace/Defense Presentation Hexavalent Chromium Sealant Alternatives 2013 Description of testing of alternatives to polysulfide sealants containing soluble hexavalent chromium (Cr6+) compounds used in various aerospace manufacturing applications.
Coatings Case Study Stainless Steel Coatings, Inc.: Toxic Use Reduction, Energy Efficiency, and Worker Safety 2015 Stainless Steel Coatings, Inc. (SSC), makers of STEEL-IT, a rugged, industrial coating used in corrosive and high-impact applications, has taken a number of steps to reduce toxics. Input substitutions in the production process have eliminated hexavalent chromium.
Metal Finishing Case Study Independent Plating: Trivalent Chromium Plating Conversion Case Study 2012 Faced with new regulations restricting emissions of hexavalent chromium (hex-chrome) from various plating operations, and increasing requests from its customer base for products that are environmentally preferable, Independent Plating (Independent) converted one of its plating lines from hexavalent to trivalent chromium.
Metal Finishing Presentation Advances in Metal Finishing: Hexavalent Chromium and Alternatives 2011 Drivers for change, uses in surface finishing, alternatives, and a case study: Coating Systems, Inc
Alternatives Presentation Hexavalent Chromium Replacements 2011 Overview of hexavalent chromium effects and alternatives.
Uses Presentation Hexavalent Chromium Uses 2011 Description of the various ways in which hexavalent chromium is used in manufacturing.
Uses Presentation Hexavalent Chromium: Use, Toxicology and Restrictions 2004 Overview of hexavalent chromium effects and alternatives.


Other resources

Source Title Year Description
OSHA Safety and Health Topics   This page contains links to general resources on hexavalent chromium.
New Jersey Department of Health Chromium Fact Sheet Updated 2009 Fact Sheets from New Jersey contain information on health hazards, exposure limits, personal protective equipment, proper handling, first aid, and emergency procedures for fires and spills.
Washington State Department of Labor and Industries Hexavalent Chromium   This page contains links to policies, hazard alerts, training materials, videos and related topics.